Category Archives: Dairy Farm

How Long Does It Take For A Pig To Have Babies?

Childbirth is one of the natural things of all living things on Earth to maintain their species. Each animal species, including humans, has its own unique and distinctive way of giving birth as well as the pregnancy period. As one of the most familiar animals to humans, especially farmers, how long does it take for a pig to have babies?

How long does it take for a pig to have babies?

The whole pregnancy period of a pig from conception to childbirth can take more than 10 months. Specifically, the gestation period of a pig follows a rule called “The Rule of Three” – 3 months, 3 weeks, and 3 days. A well-fed female pig can give birth to at least 10 piglets from each pregnancy and can deliver 2 litters per year.

A pig’s breeding period can be any time of the year, however, pigs can become infertile in the warmer months. Female pigs that are healthy and well-bred can give birth safely twice a year. However, some say that they can be ready to mate about a week after the piglets are weaned.

To safely breeding the pigs on the farm, farmers need to carefully observe the physical condition and health of their pigs, then prepare the facilities in advance to ensure safety and convenience for pigs to give birth.

Pig production cycle

There are 6 stages in the pig production cycle.

Breeding period

When female pigs reach puberty from 10–30 days, they will be introduced to boars around 25–28 weeks old. This is how the farmer determines if she is in heat or not. After that, the female pigs will be spontaneously mated with boars or inseminated artificially. It is considered responsible for animal welfare and a good way of animal treatment.

Gestation period

After being mated, the female pigs will be moved to the pregnant area of the pig barn. They will stay there for about 116 days of the pregnancy period. To ensure a comfortable pregnancy for the pig, the farmer must always make sure that the pig’s dwellings are clean and disinfected.

Birth giving

About a week before farrowing, they are transferred to the farrowing barn. In order for pigs to give birth safely, farmers need to thoroughly clean the breeding barn, and keep it clean, then wash pregnant female pigs with mild detergents and warm water before she goes to the barn for birth.

Lactation period

The sows nurse the piglets for about 3-5 weeks in the farrowing area.

Weaning period

When the piglets are weaned, the sows are brought back to the pigpen area and the piglets are moved to a weaner place.

Growing period

Depending on the needs of the farms, growing pigs can be moved to a pig nurturing area on the same farm or another facility.

How to take care of the piglets?

Sometimes the number of piglets born after the birthing period of sows on the farm is very large. For that reason, the pig farmer needs certain skills to ensure the comprehensive development of the piglets.

Breastfeed is essential for piglets as soon as they are born, especially in the first hour after birth. However, if a sow dies during farrowing, the piglets can be raised by other sows.

If the sow dies and there is no foster mother, the farmer can choose to manually feed the piglets. To hand feed piglets, a farmer needs to follow these instructions:

  • Prepare a cleaned bottle with nipple for piglets to drink milk
  • Arrange a clean dry and warm box for newborn piglets so that they can stay in a warm place
  • Set feeding time for the piglets regularly every 1-2 hours.
  • Farmers can replace sow’s colostrum with cow’s colostrum as it contains the nutrients suitable for piglets.

The gestation period of a pig is the most important and dangerous time for female pigs. Without the care and well-prepared birthing facilities of the farmers, the sows could lose their lives due to the harsh birthing process and the piglets may not be born. This easily leads to a loss of the farmer’s revenue to offset the costs of livestock.

Can Goats Eat Oak Leaves?

While oak leaves and acorns are the primary food for many wild animals, they pose a toxicity risk to some herbivores including horses, cattle, and sheep. “Can goats eat oak leaves” has been a controversial question among goat raisers. This article is going to answer the question and give you some tips to take care of your goats better.

Are oak leaves poisonous?

Oak leaves contain tannic acid and other tannins that are toxic when consumed in large amounts. These poisons can cause severe damage to the gastrointestinal system and kidneys once the toxins are converted to a series of acids and alcohols.

As a result, the one eating them can experience vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. In rare cases, oak leaves poisoning can lead to death. This is the reason why oak is one of the two plants thought by the USDA (The United States Department of Agriculture) to be responsible for ruminant deaths.

Can goats eat oak leaves?

Yes, goats can eat oak leaves. Taking in a moderate amount of oak leaves is fairly harmless to goats, especially when their intake mixed with other goods such as hay and grass.

Having some oak leaves is also very good for scouring goats because oak is binding. This is because goats have a relatively high ability to detoxify oak toxicity.

However, large amounts of ingested oak leaves can induce severe illnesses to your goats such as constipation, anorexia, colic (pain in the abdomen), blood in the urine, kidney damage, dehydration, fluid accumulation in the legs (edema).

How to treat your goats if they eat too many oak leaves?

There is no antidote for oak leaves poisoning. Activated charcoal has been known to be the most effective treatment for oak leaves poisoning if given immediately after ingestion, as it can absorb toxins and allow them to be excreted from the digestive system.

Another common sign of oak toxicity is dehydration and intravenous fluid therapy is considered to be helpful in this case. This will help prevent water loss from diarrhea and help prevent the risk of renal failure. This therapy can also help enhance the goat’s circulatory system and prevent shock in severe cases of oak toxicosis.

How to protect your goats from oak poisoning?

Goats typically consume a number of different plant species in one day and can utilize some poisonous plants because they know what is good for them and do not eat too many poisonous plants. However, if there is a shortage of primary forage and browse, the goats will eat lower quality foods including noxious plants.

There is also anecdotal evidence that some goats will develop an extreme liking for oak leaves and will overindulge to the point of illness. So, having some tips at hand to protect your goats from oak poisoning is necessary.

Feed oak leaves in moderation

Firstly, you should feed oak leaves in moderation as a very small part of their diet and choose the leaves that have the least tannin. Studies have shown that mature leaves are less toxic than early spring growth and red and black oak varieties contain the most tannin while white oak varieties contain the least.

Fence off oak trees

Besides, after heavy winds or a storm, there may be so many oak leaves and acorns on the ground. So, you should fence off oak trees and keep your goats out of the wind-path of falling leaves. If there are oak trees near the fence line of your goat’s pasture, clearing fallen branches after a storm is a good practice.

Keep goats away from ponds with soaked oak leaves

And the last reminder is that before introducing goats to a browsing area, check the area to find out any problem with the local plants and you should not water them from ponds that have large amounts of oak leaves soaking in them because tannins are water-soluble.

Last words,

In short, goats can eat oak leaves, but in moderation. The times during the year, the maturity of oak leaves and the varieties of oak leaves also determine the amount of toxicity in them. So, goat raisers should be careful when feeding oak leaves to their goats.

Different Types Of Farm Animal You Should Know

There are loads of animals reared in farms for different purposes such as food supply, clothing materials, income, and so on. For that reason, it is essential to classify these domestic animals. Let’s take a look at the types of farm animals in this article below!

What are farm animals?

Farm animals are those animals that are reared on a farm with the main purpose is to produce something of value to humans, whether it is fibers, meat, egg, milk, honey, and lesser-known products, such as gelatin, or tallow.

Others are used as a beast of burden or herding animals while some are kept by hobbyists who do it more for the experience than the potential income.

Types of farm animal

There are numerous methods to classify farm animals. Generally, they are categorized based on the following criteria:

1. Based on the Biological characteristics


Birds include chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other birds that can provide meat and eggs. Furthermore, bird down and feather materials can be gathered and used for jackets, bedding, cushions, and pillows.

Hoofed animals

This group includes horses, cattle, sheep, goats, donkeys, and pigs. They are raised to produce commodities such as meat, milk, or labor like pulling loads, rounding up animals, etc. These hoofed animals can also be reared for their fur, wool, and angora.


Fish can be farmed to sustainably produce a supply of flesh for human consumption. Commonly farmed fish include salmon, trout, and tilapia.

Exotic farm animals

These animals are making inroads on farms but are still a little left of the center such as alpacas, llamas, ostriches, and emus. In addition to being raised for their fiber and wool, they are also kept for oil, game for hunting ranches, etc.

2. Based on the digestive system

Monogastric animals

Monogastric animals are those that have only 1 stomach where digestion occurs. They eat rations high in concentrates, including poultry, pig, horse, donkey, rabbit, guinea pig, and cane rats.

Ruminant animals

have complex stomachs and chew the cud. Ruminant animals are designed to eat forages, including goats, sheep, cattle, and buffalo.

Pseudo-ruminant animals

This group has a three-chamber stomach in the digestive system that allows them to eat large amounts of roughages like ruminants. Examples of pseudo-ruminants are camels, alpacas, horses, hamsters.

These animals significantly contribute to farms, ranging from meat, milk, and egg production to companionship and income generation.

3. Based on the purpose

Work animals

These animals are kept by humans and trained to perform tasks such as carrying loads, plowing, ridging, and many more. Work animals used for transportation include horses, camels, and donkeys. While bull or water buffalo can pull carts and ploughs, monkeys can be utilized to pick coconuts from palm trees.

Dairy animals

They are bred for the ability to produce large quantities of milk, including goats, sheep, donkeys, camels, and so on.

Guard animals

Since domesticated animals present particularly protective or territorial behavior, certain breeds like dogs and geese can be utilized to guard property.


They are raised primarily for meat and eggs but also for feathers, including chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and guinea fowl.


Pets are kept by human beings as a source of companionship and recreation, including horses, dogs, cats, pigs, birds…

Aquatic animals

Aquatic animals are bred, raised, and harvested for meat including fish, shrimp, oyster other organisms in all types of water environments.

Popular animal breeds on farms


Cows are one of the most popular breeds in the world. Cow’s milk is made into a variety of everyday products such as cheese, butter, cream, and yogurt whereas most of the body can be used for meat.


Sheep are popular to be a dual-purpose breed because they are suitable for both meat and fleece production. The four major products from sheep are lamb, mutton, wool, and milk.


Amongst domesticated animals, goats are one of the oldest. Like other breeds, goats are solitary, social and a great source of meat, milk, and even hair.


This type of animal also has a place on the farm. Their main purpose is to produce eggs or meat for human consumption.


This breed is prized for its meat. Ham, smoked pork, gammon, bacon, and sausage are other common products that are made from pork.


Raising farm animals is an enormous business. Those animals have always contributed to human societies by supplying food, pulling loads, guarding property, and so on. Hope that you have known about types of farm animals after reading my article and don’t get frustrated with tons of classification ways above!