Category Archives: General Farm

All You Need To Know About Peasant Farming

Peasant Farming

Agriculture has been the basis of every civilization for thousands of years. It is an essential source of livelihood in many parts of the world. In fact, the vast majority of the rural populations of developing countries rely on agriculture in general and on peasant farming in particular. This article will give you a general view of this mode of production and how important it is to human lives.

What is peasant farming?

Peasant farming is an agricultural mode of production that refers to a type of small scale agriculture. It includes ten interconnected rules, such as seeking self-sufficiency in all of the farm’s operations, respecting the surrounding environment, and saving scarce resources.

An average peasant farm is less than 10 acres in size. This is comprised of family type farms, where a large part of the production is consumed by the family. In this farming system, the farmer combines in himself, the rules of an owner, a controller, and an operator of the farm. Therefore, family members account for most of the laborers.

Peasant farmers used most part of the arable land they controlled, beyond that around their residences for growing crops. They grow a diversity of crops which is appropriate to their climate including tomatoes, cabbages, spinach, peppers, ginger, yams, legumes, and rice. Peasant farmers also might grow a few fruit and nut. Crop rotation is usually practiced to maximize productivity.

Aside from a peasant’s house and land, peasants also rear some livestock including chickens, ducks, and other small animals. These animals are cheap to obtain, easy to be trained and they can provide a large number of their products to everyday life.

You should read: Top 7 Best Barn Boots for Farmers!

Advantages and disadvantages of peasant farming

Each farming system has its own advantages as well as disadvantages, so does peasant farming.

Advantages of peasant farming

advantages of Peasant Farming

Easy management

Supervision of work in the industry always presents a challenge because of the large area of operation for a worker.

Meanwhile, the small size of the peasant system requires less attention, hence the owner himself can efficiently supervise the work of the laborers.

Moreover, the proprietor can give personal guidance and direct him to do his job in a particular way. In this way, both supervisors and laborers can work with full devotion and responsibility to increase output per head.

More employment

Due to the small-scale farm, the use of machinery becomes costly and limited. Consequently, the peasant system is done using mainly labor-intensive methods and traditional hand tools.

Immune to fluctuations

Peasant farmers generally neither purchase any input from the market nor sell any output, they cannot be affected by the fluctuations in the prices of various inputs or crops.

Greater productivity

Productivity per hectare on a peasant farm is larger compared to other systems. The main reason for this is the greater intensity of cropping. In other words, it requires greater use of labor per hectare on small farms when compared with that on a larger farm.

Furthermore, in large farms, they are much more likely to be monocultures while small farms tend to plant crop mixtures where the empty space between the rows is occupied by other crops.

Disadvantages of peasant farming

High cost of production

Limited resources and financial weakness makes it difficult for farm owners to purchase modern inputs for the farm. Indeed, the construction of farm buildings is relatively costly and the transformation of agriculture is more difficult owing to its small size.

The use of available resources is not optimum

Peasant family farms are units of both production and consumption. The resources of the farmer hence either remain unutilized or misutilized. What is more, the lack of division of labor leads to less profit for the proprietor.

The commercial motive is weak

Peasant farmers remain uninfluenced by the changes in the market forces because they neither purchase any goods from the market nor sell any surplus in the market. As a result, the crop patterns do not change with the fluctuation in prices remains un-remunerative.

The importance of peasant farming

According to the High-Level Panel of Experts of the Committee for World Food Security of the FAO, peasant farming contributes positively to food security, economic development, employment and income, productivity.

Plus, this model of agriculture has significant impacts on sustainability, landscape, biodiversity, climate, emancipation and cultural heritage.

On top of that, the peasant system contributes considerably more than other modes of farming, both in the Global North and in the Global South.

Denying space for the peasant system not only exposes a direct danger to the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people around the world but also poses serious threats to food security, sustainability, and economic development.

Conclusion

Farming holds the backbone of developing countries’ economies. Although the farming form has changed significantly over the years, peasant farming still plays a vital role in employment, natural resource management, cultural heritage security, and economic development.

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Different Types Of Farm Animal You Should Know

types of farm animal

There are loads of animals reared in farms for different purposes such as food supply, clothing materials, income, and so on. For that reason, it is essential to classify these domestic animals. Let’s take a look at the types of farm animals in this article below!

What are farm animals?

Farm animals are those animals that are reared on a farm with the main purpose is to produce something of value to humans, whether it is fibers, meat, egg, milk, honey, and lesser-known products, such as gelatin, or tallow.

Others are used as a beast of burden or herding animals while some are kept by hobbyists who do it more for the experience than the potential income.

Types of farm animal

There are numerous methods to classify farm animals. Generally, they are categorized based on the following criteria:

1. Based on the Biological characteristics

Birds

Birds include chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other birds that can provide meat and eggs. Furthermore, bird down and feather materials can be gathered and used for jackets, bedding, cushions, and pillows.

Hoofed animals

This group includes horses, cattle, sheep, goats, donkeys, and pigs. They are raised to produce commodities such as meat, milk, or labor like pulling loads, rounding up animals, etc. These hoofed animals can also be reared for their fur, wool, and angora.

Fish

Fish can be farmed to sustainably produce a supply of flesh for human consumption. Commonly farmed fish include salmon, trout, and tilapia.

Exotic farm animals

These animals are making inroads on farms but are still a little left of the center such as alpacas, llamas, ostriches, and emus. In addition to being raised for their fiber and wool, they are also kept for oil, game for hunting ranches, etc.

2. Based on the digestive system

type of digestive systems

Monogastric animals

Monogastric animals are those that have only 1 stomach where digestion occurs. They eat rations high in concentrates, including poultry, pig, horse, donkey, rabbit, guinea pig, and cane rats.

Ruminant animals

have complex stomachs and chew the cud. Ruminant animals are designed to eat forages, including goats, sheep, cattle, and buffalo.

Pseudo-ruminant animals

This group has a three-chamber stomach in the digestive system that allows them to eat large amounts of roughages like ruminants. Examples of pseudo-ruminants are camels, alpacas, horses, hamsters.

These animals significantly contribute to farms, ranging from meat, milk, and egg production to companionship and income generation.

3. Based on the purpose

Work animals

These animals are kept by humans and trained to perform tasks such as carrying loads, plowing, ridging, and many more. Work animals used for transportation include horses, camels, and donkeys. While bull or water buffalo can pull carts and ploughs, monkeys can be utilized to pick coconuts from palm trees.

Dairy animals

They are bred for the ability to produce large quantities of milk, including goats, sheep, donkeys, camels, and so on.

dairy farm animal

Guard animals

Since domesticated animals present particularly protective or territorial behavior, certain breeds like dogs and geese can be utilized to guard property.

Poultry

They are raised primarily for meat and eggs but also for feathers, including chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and guinea fowl.

Pets

Pets are kept by human beings as a source of companionship and recreation, including horses, dogs, cats, pigs, birds…

Aquatic animals

Aquatic animals are bred, raised, and harvested for meat including fish, shrimp, oyster other organisms in all types of water environments.

Popular animal breeds on farms

popular farm animals

Cows

Cows are one of the most popular breeds in the world. Cow’s milk is made into a variety of everyday products such as cheese, butter, cream, and yogurt whereas most of the body can be used for meat.

Sheep

Sheep are popular to be a dual-purpose breed because they are suitable for both meat and fleece production. The four major products from sheep are lamb, mutton, wool, and milk.

Goats

Amongst domesticated animals, goats are one of the oldest. Like other breeds, goats are solitary, social and a great source of meat, milk, and even hair.

Chickens

This type of animal also has a place on the farm. Their main purpose is to produce eggs or meat for human consumption.

Pigs

This breed is prized for its meat. Ham, smoked pork, gammon, bacon, and sausage are other common products that are made from pork.

Conclusion

Raising farm animals is an enormous business. Those animals have always contributed to human societies by supplying food, pulling loads, guarding property, and so on. Hope that you have known about types of farm animals after reading my article and don’t get frustrated with tons of classification ways above!

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