Commercial farming, an integral part of agriculture, began thousands of years ago. Establishing the definition of commercial farming led to the development of the economic revolution. Our article today provides you with a clear understanding of this agriculture cultivation, including its definition, types, and advantages.
Definition of commercial farming
Commercial farming or agribusiness is the large-scale production of crops for sales on the market to make money. Commercial farming harvests crops like wheat, tea, coffee, sugarcane, rubber, and cotton. The harvested will be processed on-site and sold to a wholesaler in the world markets.
Commercial farming is the evolution of the agriculture industry. It’s totally different from subsistence farming, where populations produced to feed themselves. While trading and getting profit is the main focus of agribusiness, offering food enough for family’s demand is what subsistence farming aims to.
Commercial farming also differentiates itself from subsistence type by utilizing economies of scale, specialization to maximize crop yields per hectare, and labor-saving technologies.
Types of commercial farming
It is the agribusiness of milk and milk products, including butter, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt. Farmers grow rear cattle such as cows, goats, camels, and sheep to produce dairy products.
Grains like barley, corn, and wheat are grown for human consumption. Farming requires sufficient sources of land, machinery, equipment.
This is the raising of animals that are used for meat products. The most commonly reared animals are cattle and sheep, pigs, and chickens.
Mixed crop and Livestock farming
In this type of commercial farming, both livestock and plants are grown in the same land, creating ecological harmony. The crops are used to feed the animals, the animals are sold for profit, and their waste can be used to grow crops.
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Advantages of commercial farming
Increase productivity and lower the price of products
Using equipment to implement various farming techniques like mechanized operations and pests enables the farms to produce more. With increased yield, the prices of goods are lower, making them more affordable to everyone. It helps to meet the supply and demands of the market.
Encourage enhancement in local infrastructure
As commercial farming is based on machinery and electricity, it increases the power supply to areas to update the local infrastructure. For example, roads are built for easy and convenient commuter of products and equipment. Also, water is directed into surrounding communities.
Foreign exchange earning
The food goods produced in commercial farms are then subjected to trade. They are exported to other countries, and this helps countries earn a high foreign exchange. Non-agricultural countries are economic growth boosters and the best target markets for agribusiness,
Create more jobs
Commercial agriculture is a source of employment living in the area. The local workers will earn some money, allowing them to provide basic needs for their families. Besides, it helps to create different vacancies where professionals are hired to improve production.
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To achieve the economy of scale, grasping commercial farming definition will help you maximize the profit margin. The earliest examples of commercial farming can be traced back to thousands of years ago, but this farming is never out of date.