Different Types Of Farm Animal You Should Know

There are loads of animals reared in farms for different purposes such as food supply, clothing materials, income, and so on. For that reason, it is essential to classify these domestic animals. Let’s take a look at the types of farm animals in this article below!

What are farm animals?

Farm animals are those animals that are reared on a farm with the main purpose is to produce something of value to humans, whether it is fibers, meat, egg, milk, honey, and lesser-known products, such as gelatin, or tallow.

Others are used as a beast of burden or herding animals while some are kept by hobbyists who do it more for the experience than the potential income.

Types of farm animal

There are numerous methods to classify farm animals. Generally, they are categorized based on the following criteria:

1. Based on the Biological characteristics

Birds

Birds include chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other birds that can provide meat and eggs. Furthermore, bird down and feather materials can be gathered and used for jackets, bedding, cushions, and pillows.

Hoofed animals

This group includes horses, cattle, sheep, goats, donkeys, and pigs. They are raised to produce commodities such as meat, milk, or labor like pulling loads, rounding up animals, etc. These hoofed animals can also be reared for their fur, wool, and angora.

Fish

Fish can be farmed to sustainably produce a supply of flesh for human consumption. Commonly farmed fish include salmon, trout, and tilapia.

Exotic farm animals

These animals are making inroads on farms but are still a little left of the center such as alpacas, llamas, ostriches, and emus. In addition to being raised for their fiber and wool, they are also kept for oil, game for hunting ranches, etc.

2. Based on the digestive system

Monogastric animals

Monogastric animals are those that have only 1 stomach where digestion occurs. They eat rations high in concentrates, including poultry, pig, horse, donkey, rabbit, guinea pig, and cane rats.

Ruminant animals

have complex stomachs and chew the cud. Ruminant animals are designed to eat forages, including goats, sheep, cattle, and buffalo.

Pseudo-ruminant animals

This group has a three-chamber stomach in the digestive system that allows them to eat large amounts of roughages like ruminants. Examples of pseudo-ruminants are camels, alpacas, horses, hamsters.

These animals significantly contribute to farms, ranging from meat, milk, and egg production to companionship and income generation.

3. Based on the purpose

Work animals

These animals are kept by humans and trained to perform tasks such as carrying loads, plowing, ridging, and many more. Work animals used for transportation include horses, camels, and donkeys. While bull or water buffalo can pull carts and ploughs, monkeys can be utilized to pick coconuts from palm trees.

Dairy animals

They are bred for the ability to produce large quantities of milk, including goats, sheep, donkeys, camels, and so on.

Guard animals

Since domesticated animals present particularly protective or territorial behavior, certain breeds like dogs and geese can be utilized to guard property.

Poultry

They are raised primarily for meat and eggs but also for feathers, including chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and guinea fowl.

Pets

Pets are kept by human beings as a source of companionship and recreation, including horses, dogs, cats, pigs, birds…

Aquatic animals

Aquatic animals are bred, raised, and harvested for meat including fish, shrimp, oyster other organisms in all types of water environments.

Popular animal breeds on farms

Cows

Cows are one of the most popular breeds in the world. Cow’s milk is made into a variety of everyday products such as cheese, butter, cream, and yogurt whereas most of the body can be used for meat.

Sheep

Sheep are popular to be a dual-purpose breed because they are suitable for both meat and fleece production. The four major products from sheep are lamb, mutton, wool, and milk.

Goats

Amongst domesticated animals, goats are one of the oldest. Like other breeds, goats are solitary, social and a great source of meat, milk, and even hair.

Chickens

This type of animal also has a place on the farm. Their main purpose is to produce eggs or meat for human consumption.

Pigs

This breed is prized for its meat. Ham, smoked pork, gammon, bacon, and sausage are other common products that are made from pork.

Conclusion

Raising farm animals is an enormous business. Those animals have always contributed to human societies by supplying food, pulling loads, guarding property, and so on. Hope that you have known about types of farm animals after reading my article and don’t get frustrated with tons of classification ways above!

What Is The Most Profitable Fish To Farm?

Today, the demand for fish and its product is growing continuously, hence there is no doubt that fish farming has become a money-making industry. However, some fish farmers are still struggling to be successful in this business as they still wonder “what is the most profitable fish to farm?” or “how to cut down on feed cost to maximize profit?”. Let’s find out the answers in my article below.

Challenges of fish farms

Farm fishing industry is a double-edged sword since it can help you sit on a goldmine or bring you closer to the abyss. Here comes the list of factors that can affect your fish farm so that you can handle them efficiently to access the profitability of the fish farming business.

Fish are too sensitive to manage

Most fish possess highly developed sense organs. Therefore, a minor mistake can lead to degradation or even mass fish deaths which may end in an enormous loss of income.

Fish farming consume significant amounts of capital

Unlike poultry or livestock, fish farming requires more thorough management strategies and tons of cash for pond building, fish feed cost, manpower used during cultivation and harvesting, and construction maintenance.

Selling fish is not easy

Due to production costs, fish from farms often cost more than fish from ponds, rivers, or sea. Consumers prefer cheaper fish, thus it is challenging to compete with other fish sellers.

All you get is flesh

If raising livestock and poultry can create by-products to sell to other farmers for extra profit (such as manure for plants), but in fishery, what you get is only flesh.

Popular fish species to farm

If you are new to the idea of fish farming, you might be wondering what fish species you should cultivate on your farm. Here is the reliable list of fish species that are suitable for aquaculture:

  • Catfish

Catfish is one of the easiest fish species to cultivate. This kind of fish is popular around the world because of its health benefits and market demand. The three most prominent catfish species include blue catfish, channel catfish, and flathead catfish.

  • Atlantic cod

Atlantic cod contributes a huge quantity in the fish farming business in Northern Europe and North America’s eastern coast. The market size is from 2 to 4 kg and is achieved within 24-36 months after hatching.

  • Grass carp

Grass carp is popular as white amur in the US. This is a freshwater fish, hence the flowing water and changes in water are significant to stimuli natural spawning. According to some studies, grass carp can live an average of 5 to 9 years, with the oldest surviving up to 11 years.

  • Rohu fish

Rohu farming is another lucrative business. Rohu is the most favored fish species among the cultivated Indian major carps used in carp polyculture systems. Under normal culture conditions, Rohu can attain 35-45cm total length and 700-800g in one year.

  • Salmon

Salmon is one of the most widely consumed fish throughout the world. The three most common farmed salmon are Atlantic salmon, Chinook, and Coho. Farmed salmon are vaccinated to prevent them from disease outbreaks and rarely require additional medications.

  • Silver carp

Silver carp farming demands small capital investment. Silver carp is a freshwater species and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures (43-82°F). Pay attention to water quality to achieve a high hatching rate.

  • Tilapia

Tilapia is a well-known fish species in fish farming due to its high protein, large size, disease-resistant, and growth capabilities. It is a tropical fish, so the ideal water temperature for Tilapia is usually between 82 and 86°F.

  • Tuna

Tuna is carnivorous which means they can eat other fish. Farming tuna can be valuable owing to strong market demand, fast growth rate, the convenient ratio of edible meat to body weight, and tolerance to wide temperature conditions. Tuna is typically farmed in net pens offshore or in recirculation systems.

What is the most profitable fish to farm?

Due to the cost of pond or tank construction, water management, and maintenance together with the cost of other assets, you may not be making a profit in the first year. However, you can normally start making significant profits from the fish farming business after more than two fish production cycles.

Profit of fish farming relies on loads of factors:

  • Financial factors: feed costs, rent payment, labor costs…
  • Technical and biological factors: water and temperature, the type of pond, fish diseases…
  • Additional factors: location of farms, demand, and supply, special holiday celebrations…

Indeed, it is not easy to answer the question of what is the most profitable fish to farm as it depends mostly on the market demand. A fish may not do well locally but greatly on abroad.

Statistics showed that tilapia is becoming the most profitable fish to farm in many countries. It is one of the best-selling species and most widely-eaten like shrimp and salmon. On the other hand, this type of fish survives and breeds in warm water (82-86°F) and will die when the temperature drop below 55°F. Therefore, tilapia will thrive in warmer regions such as India, South Africa, Latin America, etc.

Reduce feed cost to get more profit

Feed often represent up to 70% of the operational cost for most fish farms, so appropriate feed management results in reducing feed costs, and enhancing production efficiency and profitability of farms. For most large or medium-scale fish farms, it is more economic-efficient to produce fish feed pellets by themselves rather than buying from local fish stores.

Different kinds of fish require marginally different vitamins, nutrients, and minerals. Accordingly, you can customize the food for specific fish to give your fish a healthy diet and tailor the food to the exact dietary requirements of them.

Conclusion

Fish farming is one of the fastest-growing sectors of the global food production industry. How much is it profitable – depends on many factors. Consequently, identify the most profitable fish to farm is the first step to maximize your profit margins.